Second Form of Wing Chun, Chum Kiu 尋橋
“Seeking the Bridge”
Once a martial artist has grasped the essentials of Siu Nim Tao, they will then train in the Chum Kiu form. This form builds upon Siu Nim Tao with slightly more aggressive tactics. The main priority of Chum Kiu is to control the outer defenses of an opponent in order to spar at a closer range while establishing contact.
Wing Chun has an advantage over other forms when it comes to close-range fighting and techniques. This is due to the fact that bridging and entry techniques are secondary to the act of fighting in close range. Chum Kiu’s close range work consists of turning or pivoting, as well as kicking making these moves the main features that differentiates Chum Kiu from Siu Nim Tao. In Chum Kiu, the practitioner’s stance is somewhat wider than that of Siu Nim Tao, which is necessary to properly execute turns without sacrificing balance.
The description above of Chum Kiu’s specialization of close-quarter sparring is not meant to be interpreted as superior to entry level techniques. Short-range fighters need solid entry level techniques to be able to get close to their opponents while disabling and destabilizing the balance of an opponent. The aim is to swiftly breach whatever defensive or offensive tactics an opponent uses; including trapping the opponent’s arms. Once in close range, Wing Chun becomes especially effective. When Wing Chun techniques are used properly, a practitioner can clash with and evade oncoming attacks, consistently shifting position to sustain pressure while seeking the opening, and rapidly exploiting once it appears.
Some of the principles practiced in Chum Kiu:
- Establishing the bridge contact point
- training the bridge to feel the opponents movements
- using bridge contact point to control the opponent
- responding from different angles